Construction industry is considered to be one of the most crucial. Everything that is essential in our lives such as the house that we live in, the roads that we pass through, the office that we work in and even the bridge that we cross to go over a lake –they all produced through construction.
A construction job involves more than what we see on a building site. There are many professionals –skilled and unskilled – involved in the process whether it is a commercial building, residential, and/or a public works project. There are many different jobs available in the field of construction. Some require no prior training while others ask for more qualified and experienced professionals. A single construction job often combines several skilled to complete a project.
- Construction Managers: Also known as the site manager, building manager, or site agent – the construction manager is responsible for managing all site-based activities. The professional should coordinate with workers such as the architects, engineers, buyers, surveyors, suppliers, contractors, and others who share a mutual interest in the development of the construction project. He or she should also be able to develop a strategy for the project as well as be able to plan ahead for any potential problems arising during the construction period. The manager should also make safety inspections of the site and properly store / deliver the equipment needed for the project.
- Architects: An architect is someone who designs and trained as well as licensed to plan the construction of the buildings. They take the ideas and vision of their clients and turn it into a reality. They also make sure that the building is in compliance with the building and safety regulations, local planning regulations, and restrictions.
- Engineers: A construction engineer is the one who directs the overall project. He is usually the one to handle everything from the design to being available on the site to make sure everything is going according to the plan. The construction engineer is responsible to prepare diagrams, surveys, and charts that show specific information about the project. He will also communicate with the other members of the team such as the builders, environmental agencies, and the members of local, federal and state body. It is also the duty of the engineers to inspect the site prior to starting construction as well as perform tests to ensure the ground and water level and elevation levels. Some qualities of a construction engineer include good problem solving skills, exceptional analytical skills, and communication skills.
- Excavation Managers: The role of an excavation manager is similar to that of the construction manager. The construction managers inspect the overall site while the excavation managers are in charge of the heavy machinery used during the construction phase. This equipment includes bulldozers, excavators, forklifts, etc. the excavation manager is also in charge or the digging and removal of the earth which is part of almost every construction project. He or she should be able to provide safeguards against dangers that are common during such works. The excavation managers also known as the foreman should be familiar with the different soils on the site and ensure proper maintenance of the oxygen levels within the excavation area. Responsibilities of the excavation manager also include ensuring the project’s compliance with the codes and regulations. It is also the duty of the foreman to ensure the safety of his construction crew and to guide them during the excavation process to avoid accidental falls and damages to unknown pipes and/or power lines.
- Cement masons: Concrete is one of the most common and resilient part of a construction building. Once set, concrete is the foundation for everything including decorative patios, roads, sidewalks, curbs, floorings, etc. the cement masons are trained in mixing different types of cements and are responsible for pouring, smoothing and putting the finishing touches on the concrete. The job can be informally learned and does not require any special training but the nature of the work is demanding and strenuous.
- Construction carpenters: The construction carpenters are usually vocationally trained and responsible for creating and repairing building frameworks. This includes doors and frames, stairways, kitchen cabinets, beams, wooden trims, columns, etc.
- Glaziers: The main duties of a glazier include selecting and cutting the glass to use according to the specifications provided for size, color, shape, and thickness. The glaziers then install the glass on windows, skylights, display cases, shower rooms, mirrors, doors, etc. they can also repair broken glass.
- Brick mason: The brick mason’s job is to create walls and other structures by cutting and placing the pieces of bricks or blocks for structural or decorative purpose. They should also be able to read blue prints and follow the guidelines when creating structures. Brick masons usually have numerous helpers who assist him in transporting bricks from one place to other, mix the grout, cut the bricks accordingly for corners, etc.
- Demolition works: A demolition worker can tear down anything and everything from buildings to bridges. They utilize machinery and equipment of all types such as air hammers, cement mixers, dig trenches, etc. the demolition workers are usually involved in dangerous situations when they use heavy machinery for explosions.
- Painter: the painter is responsible for decorating a specific space according to the needs of his client. The painter needs sufficient knowledge of the different paints, varnish, and wallpaper.
- Plumbers: The plumbers are needed for many services in the construction field. They are needed to manage the water lines of the whole structure as well as install bathtubs, taps, showers, etc.
- Consultants: The consultants look after the project on behalf of his or her client. They are also part of the planning and designing team for the project.
The field of construction is known to be recession free as the demand for new construction never ceases. New apartment buildings, houses, offices, roads, bridges, and many more types of building are being built every day which increases the needs for skilled and unskilled professionals. Renovation is also needed on regular basis on the existing structures. Whether the worker is skilled or unskilled, qualified or unqualified – the overall priority of the entire individual remains the same – to complete a project which is safe, attractive, and completed on time, budget and satisfies the client’s needs and requirements.