Hornets are insects and are the largest species of wasp. A wasp is an insect that is neither an ant nor a bee. Hornets are the most aggressive and biggest species of wasp.
These hornets are wasp of the Vespa genus. These hornets also resemble yellow jackets. A hornet is three times the size of a wasp. The average hornet can grow up to 2.2 inches or 5.5 cm in length.
HARMFUL TO THE HUMANS
The sting of a hornet is more painful than the sting of any bee or a wasp. The sting of a hornet is meant to kill a prey. These stings are used to protect the hornet hives and also from any predators. The sting of this insect can cause serious harm to a human being because the venom of a hornet’s sting contains acetylcholine.
TIPS TO REMOVE THE HORNETS NEST
Hornets are valuable to us as they are predators of insects. So we should only eliminate a hornets’ nest if and only if it poses a threat to us. However if they do pose a threat or if you are allergic to it some helpful tips to remove these nests are:
• If you are allergic to a hornet then you should steer clear of its nest. No need of getting rid of it yourself. Call a pest control professional to get rid of it.
• However if you do not have any other option but to eliminate the nest yourself, some precautions should be kept in mind.
1. WEARING THE RIGHT CLOTHING
The most important precaution before eliminating a nest is to wear the right clothing. You can wear Coveralls especially if they are of a slick, smooth material. They can be worn over other thick clothing.
• Wear boots as the hornets can creep up your leg if you are wearing ordinary slippers and can also sting you in ankles. The pant cuffs should be secured to the boots with a tape.
• Wear leather gloves or heavy rubber gloves. Sleeves too should be secured to the gloves.
• Wear a cap or a beekeeper’s hat. A veil will also keep wasps away from your face and neck. These too should be securely fastened to the clothing around the neck and shoulders.
• If the nest is in an enclosed area and you are using an insecticide then you should wear a respirator. As the insecticide is also harmful to the humans.
2. LOCATING THE NEST
If you want to eliminate a hornets’ nest then the first thing to do is locate and identify the correct nest. In order to be sure that you have located the hornets’ nest you should be familiar about its size and shape. Their nests can be found under leaves, trees, rafters or windows. The size of their nests varies from mud-like to paper structure which is shaped as a languish cone, upside downward beehive or even a heap bump.
3. MARKING THE LOCATION
After locating the nest you need to mark it by using strips of white cloth or red wire flags. For ground nests, use red wire flags or strips of white cloth, laid in an arrow pointing to the entrance. For nest in the trees you can mark it by tying a flagging on the branch.
4. CORRECT TIME
After you have located the nest, you should now wait for the appropriate time and opportunity to attack the hornets. The right time to deal with the hornets is at late evening or at night. At this time the hornets are less active.
If you are using an insecticide can then you need torchlight so that you can aim the spray in the right entrance of the colony. Whatever method you are using, choosing the right time is very important. Evenings and night times are the best opportunities as, if you fail to accomplish in the elimination of the hornets and they get angry at the intrusion you will have the upper hand in escaping as the hornets cannot see clearly in the dark.
5. ELIMINATE BY USING AN INSECTICIDE
If you are using a spray on the nests then selecting the right insecticide is very important. There are several varieties of insecticides available at the ware house stores or any market near your house.
If the nest is huge you need to buy one or two aerosol cans. Before buying any spray, read the bottle to see if it can handle hornets and if it is not generic insecticides.
Once you have a spray in your possession and time at your advantage you are ready to fight the nests. Sprays have a 15 to 18 range, so if it is on the tree above you, you can easily spray from a distance. You need to soak the nest by spraying it several times. The returning hornets if any will soon die from the chemical and the fumes.
6. BAGGING THE HORNETS
Another way besides the spray for eliminating the nests is bagging method. This method is usually followed when there are two people working or when the nest is on a tree or a bush.
• Buy a plastic bag which is strong enough to hold the nest. Or any other bag or bucket can also be used. But the bucket should have a lid so that when the nest falls into it you can immediately cover it so no hornets can escape.
• Place the plastic bag directly under the nest.
• Use hedge trimmers to cut down the branch holding the nest and let it drop into the bag.
• Immediately spray an insecticide into the bag and tie it.
7. MAKING TRAPS
Traps can be useful in preventing hornet’s buildup. They can catch any working hornets and queen hornets looking for a place to build a nest. Some traps are:
• A bucket trap can be made by filling a bucket with sugar water, vinegar and washing soap.
• Set this bucket outside your house and at many places you want, and the hornets will fall into it and die. Keep replacing the mixture regularly.
8. USING A VACUUM
Sometimes stray hornets can fly into your houses and search for a place to make their colony. When a hornet comes buzzing inside your house, use a vacuum to suck the hornet inside.
• Position the nozzle directly in front of the hornet and switch on the vacuum.
9. SEALING UP CREVICES AND HOLES
If you can avoid the hornets from making a colony, do it. Hornets like holes and crevices where they can make their nests. They can always make their nests in the air conditioner port or ventilation duct. If you have any holes fill them up. And as for the duct and port you can always fill a tiny bowl with vinegar and dishwasher and keep it there.
10. USE A DECOY
There is a theory that a hornet does not build up a nest where another nest is already built up. They think it is territorial. So buy an artificial nest to hang it up on trees and replace it monthly or yearly.
11. PREVENTING THE HORNETS FROM BUILDING A NEST
There are some precautions that you can follow in order to prevent a hornet from building a nest.
• Keep your house clean. The garbage cans should be cleaned daily and should always be covered.
• Some hornets feed on proteins, so do not leave food or any protein lying open for the hornets to feed on.
• Hang up CDs, mirrors or sparkly things in your gardens or yards.
• Trim or cut down the overhanging or large branches or bushes.